Treating Cardiac Arrest: A Joint Statement from the American Heart Association and American Red Cross on CPR Training and Education


The American Red Cross and the American Heart Association (AHA) are both committed to preventing deaths from cardiac arrest through its educational programs and public awareness; these two organizations provide more people with knowledge on CPR and advocates for increased and continued CPR funding and resuscitation methods. CPR educational programs from both organizations (AHA & Red Cross) corresponds with the recommendations in the most current and comprehensive review of published resuscitation literature: the 2010 International Consensus on Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) and Emergency Cardiovascular Care (ECC) Science with Treatment Recommendations.

As leaders in CPR education, both at national and international level, the Red Cross and the AHA are releasing a joint statement that emphasizes that CPR educational programs from both organizations are valid scientifically and demonstrates the most current and effective methods. Although both programs form each organization on CPR aligns with current methods of resuscitation, there are minor variations in their methods of approach for assessing victims as well as treating cardiac arrest in kids and special situations like drowning. How the methods of approach and assessment vary is dependent on the experience level of the potential rescuers and the type of victims they come across.

  • The Red Cross and AHA have separate educational materials and CPR guidelines. However, CPR guidelines and training materials developed by both bodies are scientifically valid, making sure all individuals receiving education and training are up to date with current methods.
  • According to evidence of improved results, both bodies (AHA & Red Cross) emphasizes on the relevance of the chain of Survival; these include early recognition of cardiac arrest, early activation of emergency response, early CPR, rapid defibrillation, effective advanced life support, and integrated post-cardiac arrest care.
  • Both organizations agree that the right method of assessment is described better using the A-B-C sequence; Airway, Breathing, and Circulation.
  • Both organizations recognize how important it is to modify the approach when educating people on assessment; this is dependent on the abilities of the providers receiving training as well as the illness and injuries they may come across.
  • According to the AHA training, rescuers are to check for unresponsiveness and absence of normal breathing as indicators of cardiac arrest. Also, healthcare providers are shown how to check for pulse for up to ten seconds and apply the A-B-C sequence during primary
  • Rescuers are taught by the Red Cross to open the airway, check for breathing, and also check for unresponsiveness and absence of regular breathing as indicators of cardiac arrest. For rescuers who may experience injuries and illness that are different from the usual, this method makes it easy for them to identify and address all life threats.
  • Both organizations agree that early and effective chest compressions can improve the outcome of cardiac arrest victims who are adults. Thus, when cardiac arrest is recognized in adults, CPR must start first with compressions followed by For students to recall the appropriate sequence of steps for CPR, the mnemonic C-A-B (Chest compressions, Airways, Breathing) should be the general method to CPR performance.
  • Pediatric CPR educational programs from both organizations (Red Cross and AHA) are designed in accordance with the most current resuscitation science. Nevertheless, due to the dissimilarities in the scope of the target audiences, the training programs, and the kind of illness or victims the trained providers and rescuers may encounter, the methods of educational differ.
  • The AHA teaches a universal approach on how CPR is performed for victims under cardiac arrest.
  • The Red Cross educate students to provide two breaths to drawing victims, and pediatric become commencing the C-A-B sequence for CPR.
  • Both organizations agree that despite the variations in their approaches for assessing victims and treating cardiac arrest, both methods are valid and conform with the 2010 International Consensus on CPR and ECC Science with Treatment Recommendations.

Both organizations, the American Red Cross and the American Heart Association (AHA) have a mutual interest to improve the results following cardiac arrest by providing people with knowledge on CPR and also to advocate for increased and continued CPR funding and resuscitation science.

Aquatic Solutions offers professional emergency training that deals with CPR/AED and First Aid. Visit our schedule tab to see all of our available classes. Servicing all of Long Island, Queens, and New York City.

Lifeguard Training: What To Expect!

Since rescuers have so many responsibilities, it is important that they undergo rigorous lifeguard training to prepare them for their future responsibilities. It is certainly beneficial if you are trained in emergency treatment, swimming and CPR to prepare for rescue training.

Most lifeguard organizations attach great importance to the vitality of a lifeguard candidate, as it is one of the most important lifeguard abilities. Rescuer candidates receive many skills as part of their lifeguard training. These skills include rescue methods, advanced or primary first aid measures, CPR methods and other methods related to their lifeguard settings. In conjunction with these methods, lifeguards will discover the drowning string.

The drowning line is defined as:

Failure to adapt, lack of education, lack of protection, lack of safety advice, insufficient supervision.

Failure to cope:

The everyday beach-goer is incredibly sensitive to ocean hazards. These types of marine hazards can include swift water and rocks. The reason why such variables are so perilous is because the regular individual has inadequate beach and ocean understanding. When the usual person comes in contact with one or more of the aforementioned threats, they will oftentimes panic and thus lose the means to adapt in this environment.

Lack of education:

The most at risk people at the beach are those who lack experience in an ocean setting. Because they lack experience, they will be unable to identify dangerous hazards in the ocean. As result, this inexperienced swimmer will inadvertently put themselves in dangerous positions.

Absence of Protection:

When the regular member of the public is lacking adequate protection equipment, they are putting themselves in danger of drowning. Such protection can comprise of adequate flotation equipment and swim attire. For instance, individuals who have on non-swimming attire in the ocean are going to significantly restrict their range of movement and hinder their means to swim.

Absence of Safety Advice:

As we all know, lifeguards are essential in assuring the well-being of the individual. lifeguards provide public safety by warning the public of future hazards, preventing drowning, and saving victim if necessary. When an Individual swim in an oceans that are not supervised by lifeguards, they exposes their-self to many potential dangers.

Absence of Supervision:

Typically, the public is going to overestimate their capability to swim and as result will think that they are able to swim devoid of lifeguard supervision. Unfortunately this is a big blunder in most instances. Without professional supervision to thoroughly oversee swimmers, the public is in jeopardy of drowning.

Since lifeguards are often the primary contact for medical emergencies in aquatic environments, it is important that lifeguard be equipped with the preparation and equipment to provide an adequate response. Depending on the lifeguard situation, a lifeguard may be trained in the full rescue service or simply with primary first aid training. Lifeguard training will instruct a lifeguard applicant with the appropriate skills and tools to fulfill their duties. This intensive training is going to prepare lifeguards for the coming trials they will face as lifeguards and will ultimately provide them with lifeguard certification.

Kicking Off the Holiday Weekend with Summer Safety on Good Day NY

Thursday, July 7, 2016
by Kate Walpole, American Red Cross

Last Friday, Red Cross certified lifeguard and water safety instructor Andy Slutsky appeared on FOX 5’s Good Day New York. The morning show’s theme was a pool party to kick off the Fourth of July weekend. Anchors Rosanna Scotto and Greg Kelly made sure to remind people to be safe while having fun. Andy talked about pool safety and why it’s important to make sure both adults and children know how to swim.

Andy is the owner of Aquatic Solutions, Inc., an American Red Cross Authorized Provider and Licensed Training Provider organization that provides training and services to aquatic and camp professionals through Red Cross classes.

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, an average of 10 people die in the U.S. from unintentional drowning every day; 1 in 5 of them are children 14 years or younger.

Andy discussed the importance of constant and active parental supervision of children swimming even when a lifeguard is present. He urged both adults and children learn how to swim because it can help prevent drowning. According to a Red Cross survey, more than half of all Americans (54 percent) either can’t swim or don’t have all of the basic swimming skills.

The Red Cross and its Scientific Advisory Council recommend that everyone learn to perform critical water safety skills, referred to as “water competency.” The skills, performed sequentially, include being able to:

  1. Step or jump into the water over your head;
  2. Return to the surface and float or tread water for one minute;
  3. Rotate in a full circle and find an exit;
  4. Swim 25 yards to the exit; and
  5. Exit from the water. If in a pool, be able to exit without using the ladder.

Participation in formal swim lessons can reduce the likelihood of childhood drowning death by 88%. To find classes for your family, contact your local aquatic facility and ask for American Red Cross swimming and water safety programs, or visit

“My most important tip is to watch your children very carefully and be near them at all times,” urged Andy. “Always be right next to them when at a pool or beach. In a split second they can get into a dangerous situation. Another important tip is to get kids, and adults for that matter, swimming lessons if they do not know how to swim. Adults often take kids into the water and, if they themselves are not good swimmers, they can endanger themselves and their child in the event they get into deep water. Also, making sure children have a US Coast Guard-approved PFD (Personal Flotation Device) is key to safety if they are not proficient swimmers.”

Andy also performed a hands-only CPR demonstration. This simple-to-learn and easy-to-remember technique increases the likelihood of surviving cardiac emergencies that occur outside medical settings for those who are not CPR certified.

“It is always an honor to represent the American Red Cross and last week’s interview on Good Day New York was so much fun,” said Andy. “We were on a rooftop pool with fantastic weather overlooking most of NYC and the hosts and production team were really great and made it very enjoyable for everyone.”

Source: Changing Lives Story Book

NYS AHPERD 79th Annual Conference 2016


Conference was held at the Turning Stone Convention Center in Verona, New York on November 16-19, 2016.

From Kimberly King, American Red Cross: In November of 2016 I set out to find a reputable, reliable Red Cross – Authorized Provider to train and certify Athletic Directors at the NYS APHERD conference in Upstate, NY.  My journey took me to Andy Stutsky who owns and operates Aquatic Solution in Long Island, NY.  After meeting and speaking with Andy it was apparent he was passionate, dedicated and driven to help make my instructor course a success.  Without hesitation I chose to work with Andy and his team of expert instructors, who collaboratively have over 50 years experience in the Health and Safety industry.  Partnering with Aquatic Solution was the reason we had an immensely successful conference.  After having the privilege of working with Andy and his team I am hooked for life.. If in the future I need help with a Red Cross training course, without hesitation he will be my first phone call.  Thank you my friend-

Kimberly King
[email protected]
Aquatics Specialist
Preparedness and Health & Safety Services
Upstate NY